The Administrative Conference of the United States is an independent federal agency dedicated to improving the administrative process through consensus-driven applied research, providing nonpartisan expert advice and recommendations for improvement of federal agency procedures. Its membership is composed of innovative federal officials and experts with diverse views and backgrounds from the private sector, including academia, the practicing bar, industry and public interest organizations.

The Assembly is the name given to the 101 statutory voting members of the Conference meeting in plenary session. The 101 members include the Chairman, the Council, Government Members and Public Members. The Conference’s bylaws permit other types of members who are not part of the Assembly. These individuals are afforded all the privileges of membership, except that they may not vote or make motions during plenary sessions. President Barack Obama issued an order designating all 15 Cabinet departments and 14 additional agencies for membership in the Conference. ​