History of Agency Video Teleconferencing Adjudications

This memorandum provides an overview of agency use of video teleconferencing (VTC) for administrative hearings from the early 1990s through 2014.  Year-by-year, it describes VTC usage at agencies.  It also provides statistics of VTC usage for administrative hearings at the Board of Veterans' Appeals, the Executive Office for Immigration Review, the Social Security Administration, and the Department of Energy's Office of Hearings and Appeals, the reasons why agencies use VTC for administrative hearings, and how agencies use VTC in ways they did not originally anticipate.