Rulemaking (Recommendations)

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The Magnuson-Moss Warranty—Federal Trade Commission Improvement Act, P.L.  93-637, which established procedures for the Federal Trade Commission’s promulgation of trade regulation rules, also authorized the Commission to “provide compensation for reasonable attorneys fees, expert witness fees, and other costs of participating” in those proceedings. The statute (15 U.S.C. §...

This redline shows proposed amendments to the Ex Parte Communications in Informal Rulemaking Recommendation for consideration at the 60th Plenary Session.

(a) Many federal agencies have authority to issue mandatory health or safety regulations relating to products, materials, processes, practices or services that may be the subjects of voluntary standards prepared by non-governmental organizations. Non-governmental standards, though not legally enforceable, have in fact gained wide acceptance and a high degree of observance....

Informal communications between agency personnel and individual members of the public have traditionally been an important and valuable aspect of informal rulemaking proceedings conducted under section 4 of the Administrative Procedure Act (APA), 5 U.S.C. § 553.  Borrowing terminology from the judicial context, these communications are often referred to as “ex parte” contacts....

In Recommendation 72-5 the Conference expressed the view that, generally, agency rulemaking is preferably carried out through the simple, flexible and efficient procedures of 5 U.S.C. § 553. That statute requires publication of notice of proposed rulemaking and provision of opportunity for submission of written comments; additional procedures may be utilized by the agencies...

Over the past two decades, the use of guidance—nonbinding statements of interpretation, policy, and advice about implementation—by administrative agencies has prompted significant interest from Congress, executive branch officials, agency officials, and commentators. Most of this attention has been directed to “guidance documents,” freestanding, nonbinding statements of policy and...

Congress has by statute occasionally required that certain agency actions be subject to Congressional approval or disapproval before they became effective. Several proposals have now been advanced which would apply this procedure to all substantive rules issued pursuant to the notice-and-comment procedures of 5 U.S.C. § 553 (which are not subject to 5 U.S.C. §§ 556 and 557...

This draft recommendation on Petitions for Rulemaking will be considered by the Committee on Rulemaking at its October 23, 2014 public meeting. 

Agencies often explain their view of the meaning of statutes or rules by issuing interpretive rules of general applicability, and agencies indicate how they will exercise discretion by announcing statements of general policy. The Administrative Procedure Act requires that these interpretive rules and policy statements be published in the Federal Register. But the Act does...

This proposed recommendation on Petitions for Rulemaking will be considered by the Assembly at the 61st Plenary Session on December 4-5, 2014.

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