Congress (Recommendations)

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The Emergency Petroleum Allocation Act of 1973 provides the President with broad pricing and allocation authority over petroleum products. Pursuant to this authority, a succession of agencies—including the Federal Energy Office (FEO), the Federal Energy Administration (FEA), and, since the passage of the Department of Energy Organization Act of 1977 (DOE Act), the Department...

The Re-registration Process

The re-registration of existing pesticides under contemporary risk assessment standards, and the removal of unacceptable pesticides from the marketplace, are examples where procedures can hinder the agency’s...

New biotechnology techniques promise great benefits in fields such as medicine, agriculture, and manufacturing. However, these new techniques, which involve alteration of the genetic structure of an organism, have raised concerns that some new organisms or products may be dangerous to individuals or detrimental to the environment. This...

Restrictions on post-employment activities of former Government employees may be necessary in order to protect the Government’s interest in confidential information made available to its employees, to guard against the appearance of conflict of interest on the part of its employees, and to minimize the possibility that a departed employee might be able to...

Audited self-regulation is defined as congressional or agency delegation of power to a private self-regulatory organization to implement and enforce laws or agency regulations with respect to the regulated entities, with powers of independent action and review retained by the agency. This self-regulatory organization is often an association of...

Private sector employees who make disclosures concerning health and safety matters pertaining to the workplace are protected against retaliatory actions by over a dozen Federal laws. By common usage these employees, as well as others who make similar disclosures concerning fraud or other misconduct (but who are beyond the Conference’s current study...

Symptomatic of concern that reviewing courts do not probe as deeply as they should into the legality of agency action and that, as a consequence, administrative rules may be too broad in their reach is the so-called Bumpers Amendment to S. 1477, the Federal Courts Improvement Act of 1979.

The Bumpers Amendment in its principal operative part amends 5 U.S.C. Sec. 706 to insert after the...

  • Recommendation number: 94-2
  • Adopted on: June 16, 1994
  • Tags: Congress

The United States Government has in recent years made increasing use of its power to confiscate the property or assets of persons involved in illegal activities through the civil forfeiture process.

The law classifies forfeitures as criminal or civil according to the procedure by which the...

  • Recommendation number: 87-4
  • Adopted on: June 12, 1987
  • Tags: Congress

There is widespread interest in Congress and the Executive Branch in instituting user fees in certain government programs. Although a general user fee statute (31 U.S.C. 9701) dates to 1952, recent studies, including a report of the President’s Private Sector Survey on Cost Control, have urged expanded application of such fees. In light of these...

The Magnuson-Moss Warranty—Federal Trade Commission Improvement Act, P.L.  93-637, which established procedures for the Federal Trade Commission’s promulgation of trade regulation rules, also authorized the Commission to “provide compensation for reasonable attorneys fees, expert witness fees, and other costs of participating” in those proceedings. The statute (15 U.S.C. §...

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