Adjudication (Recommendations)

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For at least two decades the Social Security Administration’s hearings and appeals processes, particularly those for determining disability claims which account for 90 percent of all hearings, have been the subject of study, debate, and critical comment. Suggestions for improvement of these processes abound. It has been proposed that social security hearings be exempted from the formal hearing...

United States consulates around the world complete the processing of some nine million applications for immigrant and nonimmigrant visas each year. Approximately ninety percent are granted; ten percent are denied. Under current practice, the only review of a consular official’s denial of a visa may be by a more senior officer in the consulate, or, on points of law, by the Visa Office in the...

The primary role of the Federal Register is the publication, as required by the Federal Register Act and the Administrative Procedure Act, of legal documents that affect people generally, such as descriptions of agencies’ organization and functions, texts of substantive and procedural rules, notices of proposed rulemaking, and statements of general policy or interpretations...

In late 1987, Congress enacted an administrative civil money penalty program for violations of the Federal Aviation Act and its implementing safety regulations. The Civil Penalty Assessment Demonstration Program, a 2-year temporary program, was originally due to expire December 31, 1989. It was extended for 4 months in anticipation of the completion...

(a) Individual Agent’s Requisition of Returns for Audit. The Internal Revenue Service should amend its procedures whereby an examining officer requisitions a tax return for the purpose of audit. The procedures should assure that the examining officer will make an adequate written explanation of his need to have the file, and that such explanation accompany the requisition and be...

The Administrative Conference of the United States has undertaken numerous studies over the years relating to the appeals process in the Social Security Administration (SSA) disability program. It has issued four recommendations specifically involving the various levels of review in that program. It has also issued other more general recommendations...

The Occupational Safety and Health Commission (OSHRC) is an independent agency charged with adjudicating contested citations and penalties brought against employers by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration of the Department of Labor (Labor). Labor is responsible for promulgating substantive safety and health standards, conducting...

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