Congress (Recommendations)

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The Program, which became effective October 1, 1988, is unique among federal benefit programs in its organizational structure and decision-making processes. It was intended to provide an alternative to the tort system for dealing with claims of vaccine-related injury, awarding compensation quickly, fairly, and efficiently. It was also intended to...

Background

The Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), 5 U.S.C. Sec. §552, generally mandates public access to records in the possession or control of federal agencies, whether the records are generated by the agency or obtained by it from other sources. The Act contains nine exemptions, each of...

  • Recommendation number: 92-6
  • Adopted on: June 19, 1992
  • Tags: Congress

In 1981, Congress agreed to the Administration’s proposal to cease funding for the Office of Noise Abatement and Control (ONAC) in the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Congress, however, did not repeal the Noise Control Act1 when it eliminated ONAC’s funding....

  • Recommendation number: 95-2
  • Adopted on: January 19, 1995
  • Tags: Congress

Introduction

The federal government is very big business in its purchases of products and services and in its provision of grants, loans, subsidies, and other types of economic assistance. Many private companiessmall, medium, and large...

PREAMBLE

At the request of the Office of Personnel Management, the Administrative Conference undertook a study of a series of issues relating to the roles of Federal administrative law judges (ALJs) and non-ALJ adjudicators, or administrative judges (AJs),...

New biotechnology techniques promise great benefits in fields such as medicine, agriculture, and manufacturing. However, these new techniques, which involve alteration of the genetic structure of an organism, have raised concerns that some new organisms or products may be dangerous to individuals or detrimental to the environment. This...

Direct Final Rulemaking

Direct final rulemaking is a technique for expediting the issuance of noncontroversial rules. It involves agency publication of a rule in the Federal Register with a statement that, unless an adverse comment is received on the rule within a specified time period, the...

In 1974 Congress enacted the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (“JJDP”) Act, which created the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (“OJJDP” or “the Office”) within the U.S. Department of Justice. Among OJJDP’s responsibilities, then and now, is the administering of a program of formula grants to states and local...

Private sector employees who make disclosures concerning health and safety matters pertaining to the workplace are protected against retaliatory actions by over a dozen Federal laws. By common usage these employees, as well as others who make similar disclosures concerning fraud or other misconduct (but who are beyond the Conference’s current study...

The Administrative Dispute Resolution Act (ADRA) accords a substantial measure of confidentiality to oral or written communications made in a covered dispute resolution proceeding. This protection was based upon Administrative Conference Recommendation 88-11, which recognized that in promoting the use of alternative dispute resolution (ADR) in...

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