Congress (Recommendations)

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The Magnuson-Moss Warranty—Federal Trade Commission Improvement Act of 1975, Pub. L. 93-637, established special procedures for the adoption of trade regulation rules by the Federal Trade Commission. The Act also created a program for the reimbursement of the expenses of participants in trade regulation rulemaking who qualify for funding under criteria set forth in that...

The Administrative Procedure Act, 5 U.S.C. § 553 (1970), provides simple, flexible and efficient procedure for rulemaking, including publication of a notice of proposed rulemaking in the Federal Register, opportunity for submission of written comments, and opportunity in the discretion of the agency for oral presentation. This notice-and-comment rulemaking procedure is...

Cost/benefit analysis1 may ordinarily be applied by an agency to a regulatory action, except when Congress has forbidden its use or has specified, in the authorizing legislation, the precise regulatory outcome Congress desired. Any legislative directive short of complete specificity...

Since 1981, Congress has almost annually made a large number of changes in the Medicaid program. Of primary concern is that Congress, in annual budget legislation (often in the last days of a session), has either made the expansion of benefits effective regardless of whether or not HCFA promulgates implementing regulations or other guidance by a...

The United States acts as the trustee for the land and water rights of American Indians. Many legal disputes involving these rights, however, are between Indians and agencies of the United States which are charged with responsibility to protect Indian interests. Conflict-of-interest problems arising out of this dual involvement on the part of Federal agencies are troublesome...

The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952, as amended, requires the Justice Department to make two major types of decisions affecting alienswhether to exclude aliens seeking to enter the United States and whether to deport those already in the country. The Act and the accompanying regulations...

Individuals appointed to government positions are sometimes required to divest themselves of property to satisfy conflict-of-interest requirements, such as the prohibition in 18 U.S.C. 208 on participation in matters affecting one’s financial interest. In other instances, divestiture of property by such appointees would be simpler and serve conflict...

The size and complexity of the Federal Government, coupled with the intricate and technical law concerning official capacity and parties defendant, have given rise to innumerable cases in which a plaintiff’s claim has been dismissed because the United States or one of its agencies or officers lacked capacity to be sued, was improperly identified, or could not be joined as a...

The complexity of government regulation has increased greatly compared to that which existed when the Administrative Procedure Act was enacted, and this complexity has been accompanied by a formalization of the rulemaking process beyond the brief, expeditious notice and comment procedures envisioned by section 553 of the APA. Procedures in addition...

The Administrative Conference of the United States has long had an interest in forum allocation in administrative cases. In Recommendation No. 75-3, “The Choice of Forum for Judicial Review of Administrative Action” (1975), the Conference stated criteria for determining the appropriate judicial forum for the review of final administrative action....

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